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Availability of Computer Systems and Their Accessories for Effective Teaching and Learning of Computer Science in Secondary Schools

Availability of Computer Systems and Their Accessories for Effective Teaching and Learning of Computer Science in Secondary Schools

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ABSTRACT

The study aimed at examining the availability of computer systems and their accessories for effective teaching and learning of computer science in secondary schools in Etinan Local Government Area. Two research questions were raised in order to guide the study.

Descriptive survey research design adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised of forty-five (45) computer studies teachers and two thousand five hundred and thirty-two (2,532) senior secondary two (SS2) students in all the public secondary schools in Etinan Local Government Area. Five schools were sampled using simple random sampling technique.

A random selection of fifteen (15) computer studies teachers and eighty-five (85) senior secondary two (SS2) students make up one hundred (100) respondents which formed the sample size for the study. Instruments used for the collection of data in the study were a checklist and questionnaire. Data collected were analyzed using simple percentage (%).

Result indicates that availability of computer systems and their accessories affect the teaching and learning of computer studies in secondary schools in Etinan Local Government Area. It is recommended among others that, government should provide schools with a steady power supply for the effective utilization of computers and their accessories. 

Availability of Computer Systems and Their Accessories for Effective Teaching and Learning of Computer Science in Secondary Schools

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the Study

The importance of computer in the teaching and learning process cannot be over-emphasized; computer as a veritable tool and bedrock of information and communication technology (ICT) has influenced the teaching and learning of computer positively. Effective teaching/learning of computer studies depends greatly on the extent of availability of computer systems and their accessories (Aneke, 2005) Journal of educational research 3. (1). 42-43.

Computer is an integral part of ICT. It is a technology that has made the word a global village. It has revolutionalised responds to specific sets of instruction in a well-defined manner even in education aspect.

Computer uses multi-electronic resources to collect, process, store, retrieve transmit and disseminate information all aspects of human endeavor. The introduction of computer into the educational system has had obvious impact in the curriculum. Computers are useful in teaching and learning because of implications of reality, it makes the work easier.

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For example, computers are used in making classifications and understanding of complex concepts in different subjects. Computer help students learn better by enhancing their learning environment and increasing learning resources. Ochoy and Ukwumenu (2011), maintained that computers have capacity to produce higher interactive potentials for users to develop individual intellectual and creative ability.

The evolution of microcomputers in the classroom had been influenced by many factors. Candau, Santos and Sanchez (2013) observed that teachers are the critical link in achieving effective computer technology integration in schools.

Many teachers agree that the use of computer technology enhances teaching and learning when computer systems are available while the uses of Computer Based Instruction (CBI) is prolific in most teachers with regards to their perception and the roles they should play as they cope with this emergent technology.

Wabala (2012), Fakeye (2011) stressed that beginners and experienced teachers can benefit from the role that computers play; beginners can access a wealth of teaching resources while old teachers can share their knowledge with those who seek for it.

The need for availability and utilization of computer resources in teaching and learning situation is on the increase. Computer literacy are skills needed in the 21st Century classrooms and outside the classroom. It goes beyond reading computer books, e-books and pamphlets and even online library materials. According to Aneke, accessories are those devices which are useful and helpful to the operation of computer.

Examples of computer accessories are keyboard, scanner, printer, mouse, joystick, projector, gamepad, microphone, remotes, speakers, desktop, among others these accessories add additional functions to computer, projector has replaced the position of chalkboard and teachers now have the ability to share notes digital. The uses of computer in schools also led to the expansion of virtual school program that all students should access their educational remotely.

1.2    Statement of the Problem

There are many challenges that hinder the process of using computer in the classroom. However, when effectively used computers have a dramatic effect on teachers and learners as concluded by (Reid & Rushton, 2011). Where computers are not used effectively they do not add value to teaching and learning.

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The role played by computer in the teaching of computer science in secondary schools is not obvious. Candau, Santus & Sanchez (2013), observes that teachers are the critical link in achieving effective computer technology integration in schools.

Positive teacher attitude encourage the use of computers while a negative one hinders their use in the teaching and learning environment. The researcher therefore sought to reveal whether it is worthwhile using computers in teaching and learning of computer science where they are available and accessible to teachers and learners.

For the purpose of this work, the researcher has put few questions to enable her set information on the course of the investigation.

Why are there less computer systems in the computer laboratories in schools? Why is it that the accessories are not available to teachers and learners in schools? Do teachers and learners use computer systems/accessories for teaching and learning of computer science in secondary schools in Etinan Local Government Area?

Availability of Computer Systems and Their Accessories for Effective Teaching and Learning of Computer Science in Secondary Schools

1.3    Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to examine the availability of computer systems and their accessories in the teaching and learning of computer studies in Etinan Local Government Area.

Specifically, the study sought to assess the extent of:

  1. Availability of computer systems and their accessories in the teaching and learning of computer studies in secondary schools in Etinan Local Government Area.

1.4    Significance of the Study

The study will be significant in the following ways;

  1. to the educators and stakeholders in realizing that the availability of computer systems and their accessories lead to academic excellence as a means of instructional delivery.
  2. to other researchers as it will serve as a reference material in similar research in other Local Government Areas.
  3. to computer studies teachers in educating them on the use of computer systems and their accessories in teaching.
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1.5    Research Questions

The following research questions are set to guide the study;

  1. To what extent are computer systems and their accessories available in teaching of computer studies in secondary schools in Etinan Local Government Area?
  2. To what extent has computer systems and their accessories been utilized in the learning of computer studies in Etinan Local Government Area?

1.6    Limitation of the Study

In the course of the research, several problems were encountered;

  1. Finance: lack of funds to purchase necessary materials for the study and high cost of transportation in getting to sampled schools constituted some hindrance.
  2. Transportation: due to bad roads the researcher was unable to reach out to many schools in the area.
  3. Weather: due to the prevailing rainy season, the researcher was unable to reach out to many schools.

1.7  Delimitation of the Study

The study was restricted to the availability of computer systems and their accessories in the teaching and learning of computer studies in secondary schools in Etinan Local Government Area. But owing to inadequacy of finance, whether and transport challenges only few public secondary schools were selected.

1.8  Operational Definition of Terms

Some concepts come with different meanings when used in various contexts and in this study; it is expedient to operationally define some concepts as applied, so as to avoid misconceptions.

Computer: this is the electronic device that accepts data as an input, store and process them electronically to produce the desired output or information with the aid of a set of instructions.

Computer system: this is a programmable machine which responds to a specific set of instruction in a well-defined manner.

Accessories: are those devices which are useful, helpful to the operation of computer.

Teaching: this is the concerted sharing of knowledge and experience which is usually organized within a discipline.

Learning: this is the act of Acquiring new or modifying and reinforcing existing knowledge, behavior, skills, values or preferences which may lead to potential changes.

Computer Teacher: any teacher that teaches computer studies in secondary school.

Utilization: This is the process of using something especially for practical purpose.

Mr. Harrison

Project Gurus is a subsidiary website owned by Harrilibrary Integrated Services which was registered under the Corporate Affairs Commission of Nigeria that was established in 1990 vide Companies and Allied Matters Act no 1 1990 as amended, now on Act cap C20 Laws of Federation of Nigeria. Our aim and objective is to assist students all over the world on their educational research works. We are committed toward assisting students at all level of education in their academic work. We have a team of seasonal writers who are vested with the current knowledge in research work. For more information contact on via Email @[email protected] or WhatsApp us on +2348127963962

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