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Culture and Discrimination against Women in Buchi Emecheta The Joys of Motherhood and Chimamanda Adichie Purple Hibiscus

Culture and Discrimination against Women in Buchi Emecheta The Joys of Motherhood and Chimamanda Adichie Purple Hibiscus 

 Abstract

This study explores culture and discrimination against women in Buchi Emecheta’s The Joys of Motherhood and Chimamanda Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus.  The study has shown that over the years, the major challenge facing the female folks is discrimination and unfair treatment in the society.

It is also discovered that several cultural practices discriminates and oppresses the female folks. Such practices are identified in the selected texts for this research work and critically examined. Therefore, it is hoped that an awareness of such practices will eventually be eradicates, the social inequalities that are engendered by such practices in African Society.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CONTENTS                                                                                    PAGES

Title Page     –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –

Declaration – –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –

Dedication    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –

Acknowledgements  –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –

Abstract       –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –

Table of Contents – –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study             –        –        –        –        –

1.2     Statement of the Problem  –        –        –        –        –        –

1.3     Purpose of the Study         –        –        –        –        –        –

1.4     Significance of the Study   –        –        –        –        –        –

1.5     Research Methodology                –        –        –        –        –

1.6     Objectives of the Study     –        –        –        –        –        –

1.7     Scope and Delimitation      –        –        –        –        –        –

1.8     Bio-Data of Buchi Emecheta –       –        –        –        –        –

1.9     Bio Data of Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie- –        –        –        –

1.10   Definition of Terms           –        –        –        –        –        –

Culture and Discrimination against Women in Buchi Emecheta The Joys of Motherhood and Chimamanda Adichie Purple Hibiscus 

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

The Concept of Discrimination     –        –        –        –        –        –

CHAPTER THREE: ANALYSIS OF THE JOYS OF MOTHERHOOD

Analysis of the Novel         –        –        –        –        –        –        –

Preference of Male over Female Child     –        –        –        –        –

Wife Battering         –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –

Dereliction of Duties          –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –

Early Marriage and Bride Price      –        –        –        –        –        –

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Sacrifice to Gods     –        –                  –        –        –        –        –

Survival of Women without Men   –        –        –        –        –        –

Characterization      –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –

Language and Style –        –        –        –        –        –        –

Narrative Technique in the Novel  –        –        –        –        –        –

CHAPTER FOUR: ANALYSIS OF PURPLE HIBISCUS

Culture and Discrimination against Women in Buchi Emecheta The Joys of Motherhood and Chimamanda Adichie Purple Hibiscus 

Analysis of the Novel         –        –        –        –        –        –        –

Wife Battering         –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –

Preference of Male Child to Female         –        –        –        –        –

Maltreatment of Women by Men   –        –        –        –        –        –

Child Upbringing     –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –

Effects of Discrimination on Women       –        –        –        –        –

Survival of Women without Men   –        –        –        –        –        –

Narrative Technique in Purple Hibiscus    –        –        –        –        –

Characterization      –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Summary –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –

5.2 Conclusion        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –

5.3 Recommendations       –        –        –        –        –        –        –

WORKS CITED

Culture and Discrimination against Women in Buchi Emecheta The Joys of Motherhood and Chimamanda Adichie Purple Hibiscus 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

Throughout the history of women, generally women have had fewer legal right and career opportunities than the men. Womanhood and wifehood were considered as women most significant profession and they were considered naturally weaker than the men.

Their rights were been taken for granted, silence became the virtue of women, but with education, their silence was broken. “Culture is the art, custom, and habit that characterize a particular society or nation. It also state that the beliefs, values, behaviors, materials and objects that constitute a people way of life”. English 21st Century Computerized Dictionary.

“Culture is the custom, idea, values etc of a particular civilized society or social group especially at a particular time, and the appreciation of art, music, literature etc. “Improvement and development through care and training”. Chambers 21st Century Dictionary 327.

“Culture discrimination against women is an issue that needs to be treated in the past centuries even at the moment women has suffered the fate of discrimination. “Discrimination means to distinguish in everyday life, when faced with more than one option”. Reuters I.

For the purpose of this research, the definition of women in Chambers 21st century dictionary 1631 will be referred, women generally, the female sex. “Discrimination against women is the attitude and beliefs in relation to the female gender that, they are less important, such beliefs and attitudes are of social nature and do not normally carry any legal consequences”, Wikipedia 2010. With this definition, we can therefore define discrimination against women as a practice that most be abolished.

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Culture and Discrimination against Women in Buchi Emecheta The Joys of Motherhood and Chimamanda Adichie Purple Hibiscus

Discrimination against women has become the order of the day in our society, it is a custom passed down from generations to generations. In our society women are generally prohibited the right to education, right to pray in the church, even in town hall meetings in the villages and communities because of the concept of subjugation and cultural practices of the society. Cultural discrimination against women is alarming, women are agitating for gender equality and not to be prospective mothers and house wives alone, women are also agitating for empowerments, good education and good jobs for the girl child.

Cultural discrimination against women has grown even in the minds of little children; the little children have no regards to their fellow female foe. As such these children grow with stigma of being inferior to the male children. However the male child is placed as more important to the female child and the girl child is deprive of good and quality education, while the male child is treated like a king with good and quality education.

The women are demanding for the legal right to operate in the society economically, politically, financially, socially, culturally and otherwise without affecting their motherhood and wifehood roles in the home. The women quickly recognized and realize the pressure of cultural discrimination impose on them by African tradition permitting the male foes to exercise unlimited authority and emphasis the male supremacy over the female including politically, economically, martially, traditionally, culturally and otherwise.

Culture and Discrimination against Women in Buchi Emecheta The Joys of Motherhood and Chimamanda Adichie Purple Hibiscus

The women came up with a concept that consists of the interest in the life and style of women both in occupation, societal growth and home.  However women brought about the concept to fight for her, as well as to gain independence to herself. This bold movement by women all over the world brought the realization in the path of women of her real potentials.

1.2 Statement of the problem

The women in Africa have been victimized, discriminated, assaulted by the men as a result of cultural discrimination against women in the African society.

The female writers in Africa prove to the world by using the war tool- literature to unravel the right of the women to men and that the rights of women have been treated harshly through the awareness of uncountable achievement and contributions of the women towards the growth of the African society and the nation at large. Exercising unlimited power on women by men obstructs the part of the women in the actualization of her potentials.

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1.3 Purpose to the Study

The study intends to examine the cultural discrimination against women, using the two carefully selected novels as primary data, “The Joys of Motherhood and Second Class Citizen” by Buchi Emecheta. Using the radical feminism to show the morally reprehensible behaviour of cultural practices towards women, the study intends to create the awareness of women right through literary works and as well fight for her right in a patriarchy society like Africa through cultural independence.

1.4 Significance to the Study

Importantly, this research will help to unravel the right of women in the African society, and to stop gender inequality, especially cultural discrimination against women by custom and tradition of the society; however this work will serve as reference point to other researchers relating to cultural discrimination against women.

1.5 Objective to the Study

Generally the objective of this research is to bring the aspect of cultural discrimination against women into lime light. Using the two novels listed earlier as a crucial point for self-realization in the African society where men are used to subjecting and diminishing women to second class citizens. This study examines the part of which women play concerning the growth of African society.

1.6 Scope and Limitation

This research, the scope of the study is limited to cultural discrimination against women, using the concept of feminism in Buchi Emecheta’s “second class citizen and the joys of motherhood”. The research will limit its scope on some materials from the library and the two selected novels respectively.

1.7 Research Methodology

In view of the research study the society at large is the key point, as such sociological approach to literature is applied critically. The novels portray the total analysis of women experience in the society. The radical feminist argues that, women’s oppression is categorized as inferior to men on the basis of gender.

Therefore the radical feminist aim’s to destroy the sex classes system and to challenge male control over women as such the two novels is a medium of instruction. Using sociological approach it actually shows that it has the purpose of teaching or giving instructions that will positively contribute to the progress of the society and the nations at large.

Culture and Discrimination against Women in Buchi Emecheta The Joys of Motherhood and Chimamanda Adichie Purple Hibiscus

Culture and Discrimination against Women in Buchi Emecheta The Joys of Motherhood and Chimamanda Adichie Purple Hibiscus

Culture and Discrimination against Women in Buchi Emecheta The Joys of Motherhood and Chimamanda Adichie Purple Hibiscus

Culture and Discrimination against Women in Buchi Emecheta The Joys of Motherhood and Chimamanda Adichie Purple Hibiscus

Culture and Discrimination against Women in Buchi Emecheta The Joys of Motherhood and Chimamanda Adichie Purple Hibiscus

Culture and Discrimination against Women in Buchi Emecheta The Joys of Motherhood and Chimamanda Adichie Purple Hibiscus

Culture and Discrimination against Women in Buchi Emecheta The Joys of Motherhood and Chimamanda Adichie Purple Hibiscus

Culture and Discrimination against Women in Buchi Emecheta The Joys of Motherhood and Chimamanda Adichie Purple Hibiscus

Mr. Harrison

Project Gurus is a subsidiary website owned by Harrilibrary Integrated Services which was registered under the Corporate Affairs Commission of Nigeria that was established in 1990 vide Companies and Allied Matters Act no 1 1990 as amended, now on Act cap C20 Laws of Federation of Nigeria. Our aim and objective is to assist students all over the world on their educational research works. We are committed toward assisting students at all level of education in their academic work. We have a team of seasonal writers who are vested with the current knowledge in research work. For more information contact on via Email @[email protected] or WhatsApp us on +2348127963962

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