Project Materials

Learning Styles and Students Academic Performance in Social Studies in Secondary Schools

Learning Styles and Students Academic Performance in Social Studies in Secondary Schools

DISCOUNT Sales!!! GET COMPLETE  PROJECT MATERIAL FROM US TODAY AT A DISCOUNT PRICE OF 50% WHICH IS  ₦1500 instead of ₦3000. Call/WhatsApp 08127963962

 Abstract

This study was designed to examine learning styles and academic performance of students in Social Studies in Junior Secondary Schools in Nsit Ibom Local Government. Three research questions and hypothesis were formulated to guide the study. Survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised of all the Junior Secondary Two – (JSS 2) students studying Social studies in all public secondary schools in the study area which stood at about one thousand two hundred and thirty (1,230) students.

Simple random sampling technique was used to select a sample size of one hundred and fifty (150) students from (6) public secondary schools in the study area. Structure Questionnaire tagged “Learning Styles and Academic Performance Questionnaire (LSAPQ)” was adopted as an instrument for data collection.

The data generated for the study was analysed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) to show the relationship between the sub-variables used in the study. Findings revealed that there is a significant relationship between auditory learning style, kinesthetic learning style and visual learning style and students’ academic performance in Social Studies among JSS2 students in secondary schools in Nsit Ibom L.G.A 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background to the Study

Academic performance has for the past decades been the center of interest in educational research. Exploring the issue of performance has extended beyond simple issues of intelligence and prior academic performance into how learners interact with the learning material.

The concept of “learning style” has been defined by various scholars mostly as a signal for individual differences. In addition, learning style is used to describe individual differences in the way people learn. Each person has a unique way to absorb and process experiences and information. These differences may manifest it in life styles and even in personality types. However, Students learn in diverse ways, each of them has their own different styles. The manner by which each student learns will create a landscape by which the students will either maintain or restrain their intentional cognition. Therefore, the educators’ knowledge about the students learning style is beyond doubt.

Alfonseca (2015) stress that to be conscious of the students’ learning styles will facilitate the adaption of suitable techniques and methods to match with the students’ inclination. Recognizing the students’ learning style may very well aid the teachers in becoming more sensitive to students’ differences in the classroom, thus promoting enhancement to teaching practices that best suit the students learning styles.

According to Cuthbert (2016), awareness of the learning styles is vital for allowing adjustment in the educators’ pedagogic approaches. Every individual has its own natural or habitual pattern of acquiring and processing information in learning situations. The common ways or patterns by which people learn are known as their learning styles.

Learning styles are set of cognitive, emotional and psychological factors that serve as relatively stable indicators of how a learner perceives, interacts with and responds to the learning environment. Everyone has a combination of various learning styles. Some people may find that they have a dominant style of learning, with far less use of the other styles while others find that they use different styles in different circumstances. A core concept is that individuals differ in the ways they learn.

See also  Availability and Utilization of Laboratory Facilities and Biology Teaching in Secondary

Moreover, learning style has been defined by various scholars mostly as a signal for individual differences. These differences may manifest itself in ‘life styles’ and even in personality types. Honey (2014) describe learning style as an individual preferred or habitual ways of processing and transforming knowledge. It is the psychological attributes, resulted from individual differences which is determine particular strategies a student chooses while learning.

Learning Styles and Students Academic Performance in Social Studies in Secondary Schools

According to Felder (2015), learning styles were found to affect learners’ learning behaviours. Learners having different learning style would behave differently in the way they perceive, interact, and respond to the learning environment. Since learners differ in their preferences to certain learning styles, it will be important for teachers to examine the variations in their students on the features of their learning styles, because the information about learner’s preference can help teachers become more sensitive to the differences students bring to the classroom.

Adjustments can then be made to accommodate the students’ varied needs. This study, therefore, aims at examining the relationship between learning styles and students’ academic performance in Social Studies in secondary schools in Nsit Ibom Local Government Area.

1.2   Statement of the Problem

There has been a public concern on the declining state of students’ academic performance in Social Studies in both internal and external examination over the years. Most especially at the secondary school level. Accordingly, several research reports has indicated that students performed poorly in secondary school social science subjects especially in Social Studies because of a certain learning style adopted by the learner.

However, many studies have been carried out on the various cause of this learning failure among whom are teaching methods, class size, school environment, school location and classroom variable etc. (Nwafa, 2015). Despite the effort exerted by concern citizen of this nation and other agencies to put a stop to this problem, all their effort seems to be abortive. As a result of this, parents have pointed accusing fingers on teachers in respect to students’ academic performance while teachers in turn put the blame on Social Studies on the inability to provide basic education materials to schools.

More so, no study has been carried out on the influence of learning styles and academic performance of Students in social studies in Nsit Ibom Local Government Area. This has been a subject of concern to the researcher which necessitate the study on learning styles and students’ academic performance in Social Studies in secondary school in Nsit Ibom Local Government Area.

See also  FACTORS INFLUENCING THE INCIDENCE OF GLAUCOMA AMONG ADULT PATIENTS FROM 2017 TO 2021

1.3   Objectives of the Study

The main objective of the study was to investigate learning styles and students’ academic performance in social studies in secondary schools in Nsit Ibom Local Government Area. Specifically, the study sought to;

(i)     Assess the relationship between auditory learning style and students academic performance in social studies in secondary schools in Nsit Ibom Government Area.

(ii)    Investigate the relationship between kinesthetic learning style and student’s academic performance in social studies in secondary schools in Nsit Ibom Local Government Area.

 (iii)   Examine the relationship between visual learning style and student’s academic performance in social studies in secondary schools in Nsit Ibom Local Government Area.

1.4   Significance of the Study

It is expected that the research of this nature will be of immense significance to teachers, students researchers, educational planners and policy makers as well as other stakeholders in education system.

  1. This study hoped to be of help to education planners such that while educational curriculum will be planned it should be structure with consideration to individual different in students learning styles.
  2. Also, students will be able to identify the best learning styles in learning Social Studies in junior secondary schools.
  3. It will enable the teachers to choose which learning style can improve the teaching of Government.
  4. This study will also serve as a reference material to other researchers who carryout research on this topic or similar topic.
  5. To students, the study will be of help to the student to adhere to the preferred and favorable learning styles.
  6. To teacher, the study will help them to acknowledge the difference that exist among students in terms of their individual learning styles.

1.5   Research Questions

The following research questions were formulated to guide the study:

(i)  How does auditory learning style relates to students academic performance in Social studies in secondary schools in Nsit Ibom Local Government Area?

(ii)  To what extent does kinesthetic learning style relates to students academic performance in Social Studies in secondary schools in Nsit Ibom Local Government Area?

(iii)  Does visual learning style relates to students academic performance in social studies in secondary schools in Nsit Ibom Local Government Area?

Learning Styles and Students Academic Performance in Social Studies in Secondary Schools

1.6   Research Hypotheses

The following null hypotheses were formulated in line with specific objective of the study:

(i)  There is no significant relationship between auditory learning style and students academic performance in social studies in secondary schools in Nsit Ibom Local Government Area.

(ii)  There is no significant relationship between kinesthetic learning styles and students academic performance in social studies in secondary schools in Nsit Ibom Local Government Area.

(iii)  There is no significant relationship between visual learning style and students academic performance in social studies in secondary schools in Nsit Ibom Local Government Area.

1.7   Limitation of the Study

The researcher encountered some challenges in the process of conducting this research work. Factors that would have confounded this study include:

See also  Class Size and Teachers Interest in Teaching Social Studies in Primary Schools

(i)    Financial constraint: This has been one of the major limitation faced by the researcher due to inadequate funds from the parent that would have faster the availability of empirical data for the study.

(ii)   Time Frame: The time allocated for the researcher was short for the completion of the research work, this posed a serious stress on the researcher to gather adequate information as stipulated for authentic research work.

Learning Styles and Students Academic Performance in Social Studies in Secondary Schools

1.8   Delimitation of the Study

        This research work is delimited to learning styles and students’ academic performance in Social Studies in secondary schools in Nsit Ibom Local Government Area. Furthermore, focus was on auditory, kinesthetic and visual learning styles specifically in Junior secondary two (JSII) students. 

1.9   Definition of terms

The following terms used in the study were conceptually evaluated by the researcher based on its usage in this context.

Visual learning style: This is the learning style in which students can memorize what they see and understand better from picture, diagram, and chart.

Auditory learning style: It refers to the learning style in which a person learns through listening and speaking.

Kinesthetic Learning style: This is a learning style in which learning takes place by the students carrying out physical activities, rather than listening to a lecture or watching demonstrations.

Learning: This refers to the process by which students acquire knowledge either through reading, teaching by the teachers, personal experience etc.

Learning styles: This is the techniques adopted by the students in order to facilitate learning and obtain knowledge.

Academic performance: Academic performance is the learning outcome of a student or learner in a group task in school as examined through administration of test and examination in a particular area of study or subject. 

Learning Styles and Students Academic Performance in Social Studies in Secondary Schools

CHAPTER TWO

REVIEW OF THE RELATED LITERATURE

This chapter presented the review of the related literature under the following sub-headings;

2.1    The concepts of learning style

2.2    Visual learning style and student’s academic performance

2.3    Auditory learning style and student’s academic performance

2.4    Kinesthetic learning style and student’s academic performance

2.5    Summary of literature review

Learning Styles and Students Academic Performance in Social Studies in Secondary Schools

Learning Styles and Students Academic Performance in Social Studies in Secondary Schools

Learning Styles and Students Academic Performance in Social Studies in Secondary Schools

Learning Styles and Students Academic Performance in Social Studies in Secondary Schools

Learning Styles and Students Academic Performance in Social Studies in Secondary Schools

Learning Styles and Students Academic Performance in Social Studies in Secondary Schools

Learning Styles and Students Academic Performance in Social Studies in Secondary Schools

Learning Styles and Students Academic Performance in Social Studies in Secondary Schools

Mr. Harrison

Project Gurus is a subsidiary website owned by Harrilibrary Integrated Services which was registered under the Corporate Affairs Commission of Nigeria that was established in 1990 vide Companies and Allied Matters Act no 1 1990 as amended, now on Act cap C20 Laws of Federation of Nigeria. Our aim and objective is to assist students all over the world on their educational research works. We are committed toward assisting students at all level of education in their academic work. We have a team of seasonal writers who are vested with the current knowledge in research work. For more information contact on via Email @[email protected] or WhatsApp us on +2348127963962

Related Articles

Back to top button