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Effect of Relia Usage and Academic Performance of Students in Biology

Effect of Relia Usage and Academic Performance of Students in Biology

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ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of relia usage and academic performance of students in Biology. It was conducted in Oruk Anam Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. Two research hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. A quasi-experimental research design was employed in the study. 1676 Biology students from the study area form the population of the study.

Simple random sampling technique was used in selection of 100 students for the study. Biology Achievement Test (BAT) was the major instrument for data collection; the data generated from the Biology Achievement Test were analyzed using independent t-test statistics. The result showed that students taught Biology with the use of relia perform academically better than those taught Biology without the use of relia.

The result also revealed that male students taught Biology with relia perform academically better than their female counterparts. It was therefore recommended that teachers should select and use relia always in school for the teaching of Biology as this will go a long way to develop their proficiency thereby increase students academic performance in the subject.

Effect of Relia Usage and Academic Performance of Students in Biology

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background to the Study

Societies all over the world have use education as an instrument for the administration of National interest and conservative. Education is an instrument per excellence for effective national development, it foster the worth and development of the individual and the general development of the society (National Policy on Education 2004). All these call for functional education. For the promotion of a programme needs to be relevant, practical and comprehensive while interest and ability should determined the individual direction.

Real objects which are educational inputs are of vital importance to the teaching of any subject in the school curriculum. Wales (2007) was of the opinion that the use of real objects dduring teaching will make the students to discover some facts glued firmly to the memory of students. Savoury (2005) also added that, a well planned and imaginative use of real objects in lesson would do much to banish apathy, supplement inadequately of books as well as arouse students interest by given the students something practical to see and do, and at the same time encourage them to store those items seen in their memory.

Selection and use of Relia that related to the basic contents of a course or a lesson, helps in-depth understanding of such a lesson by the students in that they make the lesson attractive to students and arrest their attention and thus, motivate them to learn effectively. Savoury (2009) maintain that using relia in class interaction will limit an imagination and stimulates the mind which will interned encourage creativity by involving the sense. Relia saves time as recognition of objects is immediate and so cuts out the need for lengthily explanations and drawing funny picture on the board.

Udoh (2009) agreed that using Relia in schools by teacher makes learning to become real, he also added that the utilization of relia during the teaching and learning of biology encourage practical education and discourage rote learning. Real objects make education to be more equal and practical to all learners.

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According to Sunday, (2007) Relia are objects from natural source which help in the teaching and learning of Biology. It is very relevant in learning of science subject like biology, because the use of relia makes students to have interest in the learning of biology.  Relia eliminate distortion in students’ knowledge on the topics being taught. He identifies the relevant of relia in the teaching and learning of Biology to include:

(1)    Relia makes learning to become real and immediate.

(2)    The utilization of relia emphasizes understanding and practical education and discourages rote learning.

(3)    Relia have power to increase rate of learning and at the same time allow teacher to use more time on other gainful activity.

Effect of Relia Usage and Academic Performance of Students in Biology

1.2   Statement of the Problem

Student persistent poor performance in the subject of biology has been the main concern to all and sundry. It is a known fact that biology is a core subject required not only for placement into tertiary institution, but also form the foundation on which future programme of studies I science and technology is based unfortunately, for some years now, the performance of students in this subject (Biology) has been poor throughout the state beyond (Adebule, 2004).

This performance has been attributed to a lot of factors by which different researchers in recent years one of such factors is teaching method adopted by Biology teachers in teaching the subject. Experience has also shown that the use of relia in the teaching and learning of this important subject aids students to participate rigorously and about efficient learning experience.

However, this therefore made the researcher to carry out this study in Oruk Anam Local Government Area to examine is influence of the use of relia object and academic performance of student in Biology in Secondary School Student

1.3   Purpose of the study

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of relia usage and academic performance of secondary school students in Biology in Oruk Anam Local Government Area. In specific terms, the objectives of this study are:

(i)     To find out the academic performance of Biology students taught with the use of relia and those taught without the use of relia.

(ii)    To examine the academic performance of male and female students taught Biology with the use of relia.

1.4   Significance of the Study

This study will be immense importance to the student teachers, government, and policy makers in various ways, for example.

(i)  It would help a good number of Biology teachers to have positive attitude toward the teaching of the subject.

(ii) Findings from this study will enable Biology teachers and other science teachers to select and use good materials for the teaching of the subject.

(iii)  The outcome of this study will also influence retraining of Biology, teachers in the area of materials used.

(iv) The study will served as feedback to the educational sector, especially department of teacher training and development in curriculum and evaluation.

(v) The study also provide base data for future researcher studies in area of Biology Education. 

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1.5   Research Hypotheses

The null hypotheses formulated to guide the study are:

(i)   There is no significant difference in academic performance of Biology student taught with the use of relia and those taught without the use of relia.

(ii)  There is no significant difference in academic performance of male and female student taught Biology with the use of relia.

Effect of Relia Usage and Academic Performance of Students in Biology

1.6   Limitation of the Study

In the course of conducting the study certain factors posed significant obstacle to the success of this project, prominent among these factors were:

(i)   Financial constraint: The researcher relied solely on the paltry financial contribution of her parent which was hardly sufficient to cater for a research project of this magnitude.

(ii)  Limited Time: The time frame of one semester allocated by the college authority to complete and submit findings of this research was not sufficient to cover wider area on the topic. Therefore the report of the research could not be generalized. 

1.7   Delimitation of the Study

The study was delimited to relia usage and academic performance of students in Biology in Oruk Anam Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State.

1.8   Definition of Terms

The following terms were contextually defined so that any reader of this report can easily do so without having to consult a dictionary for meaning of these words.

Relia: These are real object from real life used to improve students understanding of the concepts taught in the classroom instruction.

Usage: This refers to the act of using the available object for class instruction.

Academic Performance: This refers to the level of performance that a student’s pediment at the end of evaluation process in school.

Biology: This is a study of living and non living things.

Effect of Relia Usage and Academic Performance of Students in Biology

CHAPTER TWO

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

The review of related literature in this study consist of intensive search for works from source that has direct implication on it for easy reading and better understanding of this chapter and it shall be discuss under the following headings.

(i)     The concept of Relia

(ii)    The influence of Relia usage and academic performance of student.

(iii)    Influence of relia usage and Academic Performance of male and female students.

2.4    Summary of Related Literature

Based on the objectives of the study, the researcher has been able to some extent analyzed various contributions of some notable authors on the influence of relia usage  and academic performance of students in Biology in Secondary Schools.

They revealed that, the use of relia  helps students to acquire basic Biology knowledge because they see the image of the lesson. They by improved their academic performance it also revealed that, student taught Biology with relia usage performed better than those taught Biology without using Relia irrespective of gender.

3.2    Research Design

The research designed employed in this study was a quasi-experimental design. The reason was that the study intended to investigate the effect of relia usage on academic performance of student in Biology.

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3.9    Method of Data Analysis

The data generated from the instruments were analyzed using independent t-test statistics to compare student academic performance when real materials are used in teaching and learning of Biology.

Effect of Relia Usage and Academic Performance of Students in Biology

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUTION

This chapter was mainly concerned with the summary, conclusion and recommendation

5.1 Summary

The main aim of this study was to find out the influence of relia usage and academic performance of secondary schools students in Biology. It was carried out in selected secondary schools in Oruk Annam local government Area of Akwa Ibom State. The design adopted for the study was survey research design.

The population of the study was 1676 ss1Biology students in the study area. Two hundred (200) Biology students were selected for the study as a sample population. The main instruction used for data collection was twenty (20) item Biology achievement Test (BAT). Two research hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The null hypotheses formulated were analyzed using independent t-test method.

The findings showed that relia usage has a great influence on academic performance of students in Biology. It also revealed that student taught Biology with relia usage performed academically better than their counterpart taught without relia usage. It also revealed that male students performed academically better than their female counterparts taught with the same relia usage.

Effect of Relia Usage and Academic Performance of Students in Biology

Recommendations

Based on the findings and conclusions of the study, the following recommendations are made.

(1)    Educational Administrator, school authorities, government and teachers who ensure adequate provision and utilization of relia usage in secondary schools to ensure effective and adequate teaching of Biology.

Teachers teaching Biology should always use available relia usage in teaching Biology to increase and improve students’ interest in teaching and learning of the subject.

(3)    Teachers, authorities and government should ensure monitoring training and retraining of teachers in the use of relia usage as to motivate teaching and learning of Biology in secondary schools. They should also organize workshops, seminar, in service programme for the teachers to train them on the use of relia materials.

(4)    There is need for the development of positive articles by teachers towards the use of relia materials.

(5)    Above all relia usage is relevant to the subject, lessons should be use henceforth in teaching and learning of Biology to make such lesson to be, interesting practical and meaningful for longer lasting impression and impact on students. Finally, regular supply of relia usage for all levels of students is embarked on the governments.

Effect of Relia Usage and Academic Performance of Students in Biology

Effect of Relia Usage and Academic Performance of Students in Biology

Effect of Relia Usage and Academic Performance of Students in Biology

Effect of Relia Usage and Academic Performance of Students in Biology

Effect of Relia Usage and Academic Performance of Students in Biology

Effect of Relia Usage and Academic Performance of Students in Biology

Effect of Relia Usage and Academic Performance of Students in Biology

Mr. Harrison

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