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HOME FACTORS AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF PUPILS IN BASIC SCIENCE

HOME FACTORS AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF PUPILS IN BASIC SCIENCE 

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ABSTRACT 

The study was conducted to find out the influence of home factors on academic achievement of pupils in Basic science in Abak Local Government Area. The population of the study was 2,555 primary six pupils in the study area. A sample size of 210 primary six pupils was adopted using simple random sampling technique.

Two research questions and hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Plain sheets were used in extracting pupils’ scores in Basic science. The statistical method was independent t-test. The results of the finding revealed that pupils from monogamous and small family size performed significantly better than their counterparts from polygamous and large family size.

It was therefore recommended among others that, Government, institutions and agencies should concentrate in human development that will produce and enrich people who can raise the status of their families. 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background to the Study

Family is visualized as a group consisting of one or two parents and their children. Hornby (2001), Clark (2000) look at family as any group of people that are related by blood and marriage, that could be a group of two grown-up people and their children. Naturally, there are two types of families:

(a)  Nuclear family consists of father, mother and children

(b) Extended family consists of father, mother, children other relations living together in a large family compound.

In every family, the development and achievement of the child is important, the future and his relevance to the society he finds himself depends most unavoidably on the fundamental care and training he receives from home. The nature of family of which a child belongs has a lot of influence on the general life pattern of the child.

In our society whether developed or undeveloped, the quality of children as well as their academic attainment so far determine the nature of the family they come from and anticipation of the family economic status and the maturing by which the family handles matters of unrest and difficulties. The family primary initiatives and decision making can be constrained by a range of alternatives thereby influencing his ultimate choice in academic future career and occupation.

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So, every child needs a conducive and not attractive environment and union, found the family or home where counseling, utmost guidance and other organized activities are generated for posterity. May be, this is one of the reasons the decision of a child is crucial but becomes so expedient for some help in the form of counseling; to be extended to the child at these times. This role can most regularly be played by the family which includes the father, mother, sister, brother, and other siblings.

HOME FACTORS AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF PUPILS IN BASIC SCIENCE

As Clark (2000) defined the family is a group of people that are related by blood or marriage, especially a group of two grown-up people and their children. Usually, there are two major types of family, nuclear and extended.

A nuclear family consists only of the father, mother and children. Extended family involves the father, mother, the children and other relations living together in a large family environment or compound. The extended family system is very popular in the traditional African setting while the nuclear family system is Western and mostly practical in Europe, America and some parts of the world.

However, in an ideal and intact family structures where the father and the mother play their roles as expected, and where there is genuine cooperation and congenial relationship among the members of the family, the children genuinely perform well in their academic engagement and general development in families where the husband and wives are not in good accord or always in disagreements, there will be little or no attention to the children and this will definitely affect their academic achievement adversely. Academic achievement of children in a family can shape the character formation of the kids as well as maintenance of peaceful and normal conditions of the entire home.

The mother being the first educator of her children in the early years in life if the children are responsible for molding the character and temperament the children must grow with. But what happens in a single parents’ family, where the control and guidance of the child is only done by one parent? How does a single parent cater for the children academically and what influence or impact does a single parent exert on the academic and personality? Literature has indicated that single parenting has overwhelming relative impact on the academic development of the child.

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1.2   Statement of the Problem

For half a decade, pupils’ academic achievement in Basic Science in primary schools has become a problem. Since the home of the pupils has several variables that the academic achievement of pupils will be affected as well. At home, family size and parental socio-economic status affect pupils’ academic achievement in schools.

In comparison of home variables with pupils’ academic achievement in schools, pupils tend to find some difficulties in their academic achievement in schools. Pupils’ family should be able to create a home environment that encourages learning and express high expectation at schools and in the home.

However, the research seeks to investigate on home variables and pupils’ academic achievement in basic science in Abak Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State.

HOME FACTORS AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF PUPILS IN BASIC SCIENCE

1.3   Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of home factors on academic achievement of pupils in Basic science in Abak Local Government Area; specifically, this study intended to:

  1. examine the academic achievement of pupils from monogamous and polygamous homes in Basic science.
  2. assess the academic achievement of pupils from small and large family size in Basic science.

1.4   Research Questions

 To guide this study, the following research questions were formulated:

  1. What difference exists in the academic achievement of pupils from monogamous and polygamous homes in Basic science?
  2. What difference exists in the academic achievement of pupils from small family size and large family size in Basic science?

1.5   Research Hypotheses

  1. There is no significant difference in the academic achievement of pupils from monogamous homes and their polygamous homes counterparts in Basic science.
  2. There is no significant difference in the academic achievement of pupils from small family size and their large family size counterparts in Basic science.

1.6   Significance of the Study

Considering the problems associated with certain home variables like family sizes, socio-economic status of the family etc. which have been identified as having serious relationship with academic achievement of the child. This study will be significance to parents, teachers, educational administrators, guidance counselors and curriculum planners.

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The issues unveiled in the course of the research will assist the people to understand that the causes of poor academic achievement are traceable to their homes and also find a way towards adjustment or possible avoidance of such.

  1. The research will also help curriculum planners and educational administrators, appreciate the importance of the family and parents in relation to academic achievement.
  2. The teachers will be exposed to the basic home problems that could adversely affect academic achievement of the child.
  3. Awareness of parents and siblings to the essence f parental involvement and support to child education, and the impact of parental discord on academic motivation of the child will be enhanced through discoveries in this research.

1.7   Delimitation of the Study

The study was restricted to investigating the influence of home factors on academic achievement of pupils in Basic science in Abak Local Government Area in 2017/2018 school year.

HOME FACTORS AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF PUPILS IN BASIC SCIENCE

1.8   Limitations of the Study

In writing a research study like this, the researcher faced many problems in the course of works. One of these problems was financial constraints on the part of the researcher, insufficient information on the subject matter as well as insufficient time. However, the researcher was able to cope with the above stated problems in carrying out her study.

1.9   Definition of Terms

Academic achievement: The level of pupil’s responsiveness in school subjects in terms of average.

Family: A group of people related by blood.

Home: This is a dwelling place used as permanent or semi permanent resident for an individual, family household etc.

Variables: This is a characteristic, number or quality that increases overtime or takes different values in different situations.

Pupils: This is a person who is taught by a teacher in primary schools.

Family Size: This represents the total number of individuals comprising of family unit.

Socio-economic: Is a branch of economics that focus on a relationship between social behaviour, based on income, education, and occupation.

Mr. Harrison

Project Gurus is a subsidiary website owned by Harrilibrary Integrated Services which was registered under the Corporate Affairs Commission of Nigeria that was established in 1990 vide Companies and Allied Matters Act no 1 1990 as amended, now on Act cap C20 Laws of Federation of Nigeria. Our aim and objective is to assist students all over the world on their educational research works. We are committed toward assisting students at all level of education in their academic work. We have a team of seasonal writers who are vested with the current knowledge in research work. For more information contact on via Email @[email protected] or WhatsApp us on +2348127963962

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