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The Theme of Cultural Affirmation in Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart and Arrow of God

The Theme of Cultural Affirmation in Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart and Arrow of God

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Abstract

This research work was on cultural affirmation in Chinua Achebe’’ s Things Fall Apart and Arrow of God. With reference to the analysis of the two novels, the study has shown that Achebe’s novels dramatize African cultural conflicts during the colonial rule its consequences to African ways of life.

The novels also portray the history of the colonizers and the colonized at the time of pre-colonial era.  It is on this point that Achebe insists that art is the service of man. For instance he uses traditional Igbo religious, political philosophical and artistic motifs in Arrow of God combine to illumine the abstract notion of duality.

From the opinion of critics in the review of related literature, the research has shown that Chinua Achebe’s writing portrays African’s cultural identity and its ways of life. The study further revealed that Achebe’s work serves as an exemplar of Igbo tradition and social formation in the society.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background to the study

Chinua Achebe is one of the famous African writers whose works of art portrays cultural affirmation in African society. This cultural affirmation as portrayed by the author is seen in these two novels under investigation…Things Fall Apart and Arrow of God. In these novels, Achebe examines how the Igbo culture and tradition are practiced.

For instance, in Arrow of God, Achebe portrays the events in the village of Umuaro with its focus on the tragic fall of its protagonist, Ezeulu in nine months. Apart from Ezeulu’s fall, Achebe also portrays how his fall came as a tragic end of Igbo culture, and also the inequality, humanity and oppression suffered by the Igbo people at the hands of the colonial masters. They did not have any king, the chief priest is was their supreme authority…that is strongest among their clan, but on the contrary he is very weak man in the six villages in Umuaro.

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On the other hand, Achebe portrays another element of cultural affirmation in Things Fall Apart using the protagonist, Okonkwo a traditional African man, whom is also a wrestler who defeated another wrestler champion with a nick name, the cat who never lands his back on the ground. However, Achebe portrays how Okonkwo drive to escape the legacy of his father…that leads him to be wealthy, and powerful among the people of his village.

In another instance, Okonkwo is the leader of his village, and he has attained a position in his village which makes him to strive hard in his life style. Consequently, it is on this point that the researcher research on cultural affirmation in Achebe’s Arrow of God and Things Fall Apart with a view of investigating its root in the African societies.

The Theme of Cultural Affirmation in Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart and Arrow of God

1.2   Statement of the Problem

One of the major concerns in this research work is a way of investigating the cultural affirmation in Achebe’s Things Fall Apart and Arrow of God with reference to the African society.

1.3   Purpose of the study

The main purpose of this research work is to examine the cultural affirmation in Chinua Achebe’ Arrow of God and Things Fall Apart the study will also expose and bring out some others cultural practices in African.

1.4   Significance o the study

This research will be significance to the entire African society what Achebe’s writings is all about, with reference to the two novels in this research work. The study will also be of great important to literature students and other researchers who will find this research work important.

1.5   Objectives of the study

The following are the objectives of this research work are;

  1. to investigate the cultural affirmation as portrayed by Achebe in these two novels under study.
  2. to examine the author’s aims of writing Arrow of God and Things Fall Apart.
  3. to analyze and portrays what cultural affirmation is all about and the author’s intension towards African practices.
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1.6   Research Methodology

The primary method in this research in this research work will basically focus on Achebe’s Arrow of God and Things Fall Apart, while the secondary method will examine other African literary novels, library, internet, articles, and magazine for more information on the research work.

1.7   Scope and Limitation of the study

The scope of this research work will be limited to Achebe’s Arrow of God and Things Fall Apart.

1.8   Bio- Data of Chinua Achebe

Chinua Achebe was born Albert Chinulumogu Achebe on the 16 November, 1930. He was raised by his parents, in the Igbo town of Ogidi in Southeastern Nigeria. Achebe was an excelled at school and won a scholarship to study medicine, but change his studies to English and literature at the University College, now the University of Ibadan.

Achebe became facilitated with world religions and traditional African culture and began writing stories as a University student. After his graduation, he worked for the Nigerian Broadcasting Service (NBS), and later moved to the metropolis of Lagos Nigeria.

The Theme of Cultural Affirmation in Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart and Arrow of God

Achebe gain worldwide attention for his novels, Things Fall Apart in the late 1950s, while his later novels includes; No Longer at Ease in 1960, Arrow of God in 1964, A Man of The People 1966 while Anthill of the Savanna 1987. On the other hand, Achebe wrote these novels in English and defended the use of English, a language of the colonizers in  African literature. In 1975, his lecture An Image of African.; Racism in Conrad’s Heart of Darkness, feature a famous criticism of Joseph Conrad as a thoroughgoing racist; it was later published in The Massachusetts Review…amid some controversy.

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In 1990, Achebe returned from the United States and began eighteen-year tenure at Board College as the Charles Stevenson professor of Languages and literature. In the year Things Fall Apart was published, Achebe meet a woman named Christiana Chinwe Okoli, who had grow up in the area and joined the (NBS) Nigeria Broadcasting Service staff when she arrived however, they were  blessed with children until he died on 21 March, 3013 at the age of 82 years.

Other of his short stories are, Marriage is a Private Affair 1952, Dead Men’s Path 1953, The Sacrificial Egg and other Stories 1953, Civil Peace 1971, Girls at War 1973, African short stories 1985.

The Theme of Cultural Affirmation in Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart and Arrow of God

The Theme of Cultural Affirmation in Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart and Arrow of God

The Theme of Cultural Affirmation in Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart and Arrow of God

The Theme of Cultural Affirmation in Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart and Arrow of God

The Theme of Cultural Affirmation in Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart and Arrow of God

The Theme of Cultural Affirmation in Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart and Arrow of God

The Theme of Cultural Affirmation in Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart and Arrow of God

The Theme of Cultural Affirmation in Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart and Arrow of God

The Theme of Cultural Affirmation in Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart and Arrow of God

The Theme of Cultural Affirmation in Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart and Arrow of God

The Theme of Cultural Affirmation in Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart and Arrow of God

Mr. Harrison

Project Gurus is a subsidiary website owned by Harrilibrary Integrated Services which was registered under the Corporate Affairs Commission of Nigeria that was established in 1990 vide Companies and Allied Matters Act no 1 1990 as amended, now on Act cap C20 Laws of Federation of Nigeria. Our aim and objective is to assist students all over the world on their educational research works. We are committed toward assisting students at all level of education in their academic work. We have a team of seasonal writers who are vested with the current knowledge in research work. For more information contact on via Email @[email protected] or WhatsApp us on +2348127963962

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