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Availability of Physical Education Facilities and Equipment in Primary Schools

Availability of Physical Education Facilities and Equipment in Primary Schools

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 Abstract

The study was carried out to ascertain the availability of Physical Education facilities and equipment in teaching in primary schools in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area. A descriptive survey research design was used for the study. The study population comprised all public primary schools and all physical and health education teachers in the Local Government Area, using simple random sampling techniques. Six (6) schools and twelve (12) physical and health education teachers were used for the study. The instrument used for the collection was the Availability and Utilization of Physical and Health Education Facilities and Equipment Questionnaire (APFAEQ) and a checklist was used to elicit information from the respondents. Three research questions were formulated to guide the study.

Data were analyzed using simple percentages. The findings of this study indicated that out of all the Physical Education teaching facilities; only soccer fields were available in all the public primary schools in Obio/Akpor. However, most of the schools have a volleyball court, basketball court, and handball court. The study showed that soccer balls, whistles, and relay batons were available in all the schools studied; other items that were available in most schools are volleyballs, basketball, handballs, measuring tape, and first aid.

The result of the study indicated that soccer fields and balls, whistles, and relay batons were adequately utilized in the schools. First aid boxes and measuring tape were sparingly utilized in most schools. Based on the result, it was recommended that workshops should be organized for public primary schools’ principals and Physical and Health Education teachers on the need to construct physical education facilities and procure the necessary equipment and utilize them. Also, funds should be provided to the schools to construct facilities for the effective teaching of Physical Education.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the Study

The level of success of physical and health education teaching is greatly dependent on the degree of availability and utilization of up-to-date facilities, equipment, and supplies. Without facilities, sports cannot take place. This does not, however, imply that sports facility is the only variable that is necessary for sports participation, others such as equipment, and supplies are an indispensable complement to sports facilities.

Availability refers to services or resources that can be obtained in the discharge of certain functions. Longman (2012) noted that availability is a state of making provision for a satisfactory standard requirement in terms of facilities to enhance effective instructional activity in a particular subject. In other words, availability can be defined as human and material resources ready for use in teaching physical education in schools.

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The importance of facility availability cannot be overemphasized in the teaching of physical and health education in schools. The availability of facilities and equipment motivates the learners, increase teachers’ efficiency, and promotes productivity of the teacher. Standard facilities and equipment prerequisites to good and impressive performance in physical and health education facilities are the immovable permanent structure that is utilized in teaching physical education.

Egwu (2013) noted that it is obvious that the teacher’s competency and available facilities and equipment in schools determine the coverage of the syllabus and curriculum of any subject including physical and health education.

The scarcity of physical education facilities could therefore constitute a big cog in the successful teaching of physical and health education. According to Ikoja (2012), the schools’ physical and health education programme requires the availability of facilities for the attainment of the set goals.

According to Ballard, Dunn, and Handison (2012), physical and health education offers the best opportunity to provide physical activity to all children to teach them the skills and knowledge needed to establish and sustain lifestyle physical education facilities are therefore of great significance to educational experiences. Physical and health education is the only subject in primary school whose goal is the total development of individuals physically, mentally, emotionally, and socially through participation in physical activities. West and Bucher (2015) assert that it is the education process that uses physical activities as a means to help individuals acquire skills, fitness, knowledge, and attitude.

According to Singh (2013), the aim and objective of physical and health education are to develop human personality in its totality. Oak (2014) noted that physical education helps to instill in the students values and skills of maintaining a healthy lifestyle through physical education activities.

Physical education activities are concerned with one’s proper adaptation to group living. It provides ample opportunities to develop traits such as cooperation, respect for others, loyalty, sportsmanship, self-confidence, and other qualities which help a person to make a good citizen. To achieve these objectives of physical and health education, a well-planned activity programme, as well as adequate facilities for implementation are necessary and should be put in place. Facilities and equipment availability enables the successful implementation of any academic performance.

According to Offorma (2012), teaching is usually facilitated and more effective through one’s interaction with one’s environment. The environment here refers to facilities available and utilized in teaching physical and health education. The process of teaching and learning depends upon the type of facilities available. The availability of these facilities helps the teacher present concepts in a way that learners can retain them permanently and can motivate students by making it more interesting.

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Availability of Physical Education Facilities and Equipment in Primary Schools

1.2  Statement of the Problem

Given the importance of facilities to the success of any given physical and health education programme, it would be expected that primary school administrators would ensure the availability of up-to-date physical education facilities in public primary schools.

The prevailing problem in public primary schools in Obio/Akpor is that facilities for teaching physical education are declining steadily and are not regularly maintained this unfortunate development has become a source of worry to many teachers of Physical and Health Education in schools.

The average physical education teacher is faced with a lot of challenges as a result of the scanty and often poorly maintained physical education facilities in schools. Schools, where there is no physical and health education teacher or an inadequate number of teachers or teachers that studied other subjects to teach physical education, may affect the utilization of the available physical education facilities.

Based on the mentioned problems, the study intends to check the availability of physical education facilities in public primary schools in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area as it affects the teaching of the subject.

1.3    Purpose of the Study

The purpose of the study is to ascertain the availability of physical and health education teaching facilities in public primary schools in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area.

Specifically, the study seeks to determine:

  1. The availability of physical education facilities in public primary schools in Obio/Akpor.
  2. The availability of physical and health education equipment and supplies in public primary schools in Obio/Akpor.
  3. The extent of utilization of the available physical and health education facilities, equipment, and supplies in public primary schools in Obio/Akpor.

1.4    Research Questions

Based on the problems under investigation, the following research questions were posed to guide the study:

  1. What are the available physical education facilities in public primary schools in Obio/Akpor?
  2. What are the available physical education equipment and supplies in public primary schools in Obio/Akpor?
  3. What is the extent of utilization of the available physical and health education facilities, equipment, and supplies in teaching physical education in public primary schools in Obio/Akpor?
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1.5    Significance of the Study

The findings of this study will be significant in many respects including:

  1. The determination of the available physical education facilities in schools will be of immense benefit to physical education teachers as it will help x-ray the physical education facilities available in schools in Obio/Akpor.

The determination of the extent of utilization of the existing facilities, equipment, and supplies in the school will help the physical education teachers to carry out self-assessment in the teaching of Physical and Health Education and determine whether there is a need for improvement or not.

  1. The school administrators will have adequate information on areas where physical education facilities are lacking or unavailable. It will provide the school principals with information on whether these instructional aids are being utilized as they are supposed to. To determine whether the teachers need retraining or a workshop.
  2. The students will benefit from the study because if schools procure facilities for physical and health education, it will bring improvement in teaching and learning of the subject.
  3. To the researchers, it will provide information upon which future researchers in the areas of physical and health education facilities could be based on.

1.6 Limitations of the Study

Time and finance was the major constraint of this study. This was however surmounted to make the study successful.

1.7    Delimitation

The study was delimitated to facilities availability and Physical and Health Education teaching in primary schools in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area. It covered all public primary schools in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area, Akwa Ibom State.

1.8    Definition of Operational Terms

Physical Education Facilities: Ugwu (2012) defined physical education facilities as the non-moveable permanent structures used in teaching physical education e.g. soccer fields.

Equipment: Equipment can be defined as a set of tools or other objects commonly used to achieve a particular objective.

Availability: According to Onyeyimezie (2013), availability can be defined as human and material facilities ready for use in teaching physical education.

Physical Education: This is an integral part of the total education process that develops individuals mentally, physically, socially, and emotionally through participation in physical activities.

Teaching: Teaching is the process of attending to people’s needs, experiences, and feelings, and making specific interventions to help them learn particular things.

Learning: Learning is the process of acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences.

Mr. Harrison

Project Gurus is a subsidiary website owned by Harrilibrary Integrated Services which was registered under the Corporate Affairs Commission of Nigeria that was established in 1990 vide Companies and Allied Matters Act no 1 1990 as amended, now on Act cap C20 Laws of Federation of Nigeria. Our aim and objective is to assist students all over the world on their educational research works. We are committed toward assisting students at all level of education in their academic work. We have a team of seasonal writers who are vested with the current knowledge in research work. For more information contact on via Email @[email protected] or WhatsApp us on +2348127963962

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